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TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT
HEALTH AND HUMAN RIGHTS TRAINING:
Health and Human Rights training is been organized by BSWI with a focus on inter-linkages between health and human rights. The training is designed to sensitize people working on issues relating to health and identify issues pertaining to health in the rights framework to guide the analysis and action on the same. The core topics covered by the training program include, among many, the following:
The understanding of “health” and “human rights” and their inter-linkages

The role of state in ensuring health and improving health equity among its citizens (in reference to the constitutional law of India and International commitments).
Understanding the political economy of health including
==  neo-liberal economic order and the effects of liberalization, privatization and globalization on health of people particularly on health equity among populations.
==  state health policy and programs.
==  health systems.
==  health financing mechanisms.
==  intellectual property rights (IPR), patent and health.
==  access to essential medicines and health.
==  understanding social paradigm/social determinants of health.
 
  • Arriving at Strategies
  • The Broad Thinking

Arriving at Strategies

The immediate objective, of the target group reaching a situation where BSWI would be able to withdraw its financial contribution, means:

  • The principal challenge of the BSWI’s project has been in terms of human resource development at the community level. Groups would be formed & organized, given exposure and skills, to enable the women for taking up the responsibility of mobilizing and managing resources. The resources should be effectively utilized to bring about qualitative changes.
  • Simultaneously linkages must be built and improved between the groups and other resource persons in the villages, public development agencies, banks, panchayats etc.
  • Thrust would be given on capacity building and service deliveries by the local statutory authorities, i.e., Panchayats and public bodies.
  • Ultimately there would be some qualitative improvements in the social and economic conditions of the target groups, especially the women, in order to be empowered as important decision-making bodies and participating in the local area decision-making process and by ensuring effective advocacy and lobbying initiatives.
  • The Broad Thinking

  • Group organization (womens groups) would be the priority area of work in the short term. Community organization and self-governance would be the Long-term priority.
  • Concrete activities around which group organization would take place are: the management of village-level educational and health programs; economic development programs within an indebtedness eradication perspective; capacity building in leadership-gender-advocacy.
  • The active involvement of the target group women and the community, the optimum utilization of the local education infrastructure and resources would make the educational activities at all levels effective. Non-formal education for girls and functional literacy for adult illiterate women would be given priority to ensure their coverage in elementary education system and by making the teaching and learning process interesting.
  • In health, a focus will be on RCH, sanitation, nutrition, and family planning as the base of the health programs. Curative component focusing on common chronic ailments would complement this. Through interaction with panchayats and health departments, linkage will be made for collaborative efforts towards ensuring effective functioning of the public health system and creating access to this for the target groups. Collaboration would involve referral services, joint conduct of immunization, family planning and health awareness camps, participation of government doctors in clinics etc.
  • In economic development, thrust will be given on eco-friendly methods of cultivation ensuring the womens stake in these interventions. Group based economic enterprises activities would also be demonstrated and taken up for women to ensure their collective actions for eradicating poverty and assert their decision-making power in the families too. Apart from this, womens production capacity would be increased through training, skill development/up-gradation and exposures.
  • Micro-finance (savings & credit) program would be another key area of concentration for bringing the women in a decision-making platform and self-governance by which they would be facilitated to be economically empowered and the primary movers of sustainable development in the project area. Creation of local revolving fund base, available village resources and visibility of future development prospects would be the important agenda on the item of economic empowerment of the women.
  • Achieving a basic level (qualitative) of organization, ability and awareness among the womens groups, with their effective participation is set as the targeted output and thus the program implementation structure would be organized to make it conducive to and consistent with the objectives of the proposed project.
  • Efforts would be made to establish linkage with panchayats, government departments, financial institutions etc., focusing on specific women’s issues in organization, education, health, and economic activities. A pro-active linkage role would be established in the short term. In all such efforts, leaders of the womens groups would be closely involved.
  • For sustaining the educational activities in the long run, interventions would be based on the premise of village development and self-reliance. This would strengthen the groups/VWOs and community-level cooperation.
  • The long-term emphasis would be on preparing the VWOs to shoulder the responsibility of their respective village affairs. Efforts would be put on group-based initiatives to increase income and develop local resource base. Improved agriculture practice (more organic rather than chemical), land and water management, animal husbandry, pisciculture and non-farm economic enterprises would be the key focus areas.
  • Thus, with the development of awareness, abilities, skills, leadership, participatory-level institutions; economic gains for target groups starting; improved functioning of public distribution systems and with the convergence of the efforts of various agencies BSWI expects that it would reach its goal of creating an autonomous and vibrant rural communities and would be in a position to withdraw its financial inputs from the target areas.

     

    Capacity Building programs

    Campaign and Training in SRI

    Training on SRI has helped the farmers to know the importance and technical knowhow regarding SRI cultivation. Previously the progressive framers were not interested to cultivate such a new technique but later, based on the result of SRI, marginal farmers came ahead to adopt such a new technique.

    Training on village livelihood development committee

    Previously villagers did not feel any need of village livelihood development committee. After the training programs they could understand the importance of such committees in expediting the livelihood systems of the village. They also learnt how ordinary people could be important functionaries in local area development process.

    MIS training for staff and VLDC members

    Today’s staffs are conversant in the monitoring system and information collection methodologies for the betterment of the quality of the programs. Input-output-outcome monitoring indicators are now well known aspects among the staffs, who in turn, educate the members of the VLDC’s, with whatever they have so far acquired from our training programs.

    Exposure visit and study Tour

    These gave an insight into the potential of poor rural women in tackling their poverty in a concerted manner. Field visits, and interactions with the poultry cooperative members being run under the aegis of the “Harsha Trust “ at Koraput, field visit to SEDP Bankura, ACF Farakka provided confidence in the staff and the visiting beneficiaries in running BSWI’s programs. It also roused a strong determination in the beneficiaries that they too could be successfully run and manage such collectives for their livelihood improvement.

    Training in Goat rearing

    The old traditional concept has broken and new concept on scientific goat rearing has been developed amongst the beneficiaries. The differences between traditional knowledge and technical knowledge have been clear after the training program.

    Training in fish cultivation

    The old traditional concept has broken and new concept on scientific fish rearing has been developed amongst the beneficiaries. The differences between traditional knowledge and technical knowledge have been clear after the training program. Knowledge on composite fishery has increased amongst the villagers.

    Training on Horticulture

    Horticulture is not new in the area, but, after the training the knowledge of the farmers improved in terms of scientific horticulture management practices for better yield. Use of bio fertilizers has added the quality in scientific horticulture practices.

    Visioning Exercises for the villagers

    Capacity to better management of natural resource has increased after these training programs. Villagers are aware on the utilization of their village resources. Better management of land resource and livelihood options for the landless farmers has increased.

    Meetings with PRI

    Regular meetings helped villagers understand the policies and development schemes of the government. The SHGs visited on regular basis to local GP for their requirements. Different schemes of govt. have been implemented through many SHG’s in different villages.

    Meetings with NABARD/Bank/PRI

    The women’s SHGs are aware and careful about their savings and credit mechanisms. Local nationalized banks and government cooperative departments have provided loans after gradation. Groups are aware regarding the gradation and loan repayment system.

    Awareness camps on Social Issues

    Camps have been organized for the village women to preparing them for shouldering the responsibilities of intervening in the society they live. The issues discussed were:


  • poverty & its causes
  • local governance and role of the villagers, especially the women
  • options for overcoming poverty
  • need of self help groups/community organizations
  • Conflict resolution, people’s solidarity, unification, transparency were the other key aspects and issues those were also discussed in the program.

    Socio-legal Awareness Camps

    This program was conducted in the central office of the organization where village women participated. Present legal status on land titles, marriage act, divorce & talaq etc., maintenance act, properties act etc. have been thoroughly discussed in the camps.

    Training of SHG leaders

    We have trained the SHG members in this agenda. The leaders of the SHGs were imparted training on group management, group dynamics, system of planning, monitoring and evaluation in the capacity building exercises. The topics discussed were..


  • leadership definition
  • qualities of a leader
  • importance and need of good leadership in the community
  • how leadership can be acquired
  • role of the rural women to work as Leaders for changing he situations
  • Gender Awareness Camps

    Camps are conducted at the project villages each of one day duration. This program included men too for wider understanding about gender dimensions. The camps provided the villagers the basic knowledge of the need and use of maintaining a correlation in the villages and the solidarity would gradually improve on successfully implementation of this program.

    Women’s Day Function

    Women’s Day Functions are organized in the main centre for two days, where cultural functions, competitions and debates on relevant issues like literacy, economic improvement, health & family planning were taken up. The participation in this program was wholehearted and the villagers of the project villages could interestingly learn about the issues from this Function.

     
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